baranja1The entire production of Kalazić Wines takes place in the Croatia wine-growing region of Baranja.

Starting from the organic production of grapes, its processing, vinification, maturation, bottling and aging, all these processes take place in an area close to the Baranja location of Batina on loess slopes of the Baranja Mountain (Bansko Brdo or Banska Kosa).

Batina is located in far north-eastern Croatian, on the border with Hungary and Serbia and lies on the bank of the Danube.

Here, the Danube has an average width of 400 meters and is a natural border between the two countries.

The geographical coordinates of Batina are 45°50'45" N and 18°51'0" E.

The Baranja region is partly situated in the neighbouring country of Hungary, where they are also well-known wine-growing areas (Vilanji).

In the Hungarian language, Baranja means mother wine.

This is a unique case where a region was named after a wine, not the other way around.

 

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The soil on which our vineyards are located is yellowish and loess. It is sandy and filtrated, and as such, grapevines like it.

The high proportion of sand in the soil provides a pronounced mineral content in our wines.

The vineyards are located about 200m above sea level in the highlands of Bansko Brdo.

The climate is continental, with very cold winters and hot summers.

Winter temperatures fall to -30 °C, and in summer, they often exceed 35 °C. Annual rainfall is between 660-700 mm and very well distributed when taking into account the conditions required by the vines.

It turns out that the microclimate of the area where our vineyards are located is exceptionally large and the mighty Danube River has a beneficial impact.

The place Batina, according to numerous archaeological sites, was inhabited in the early Iron Age.

There, are also written documents, which show that Batina was at one time part of the Roman province of Pannonia and acting as the north-eastern border of the Roman Empire, the so called Danube limes.

Here too a Roman military fortress was located that served as a lookout and accommodated a vanguard since the empire was threatened by the so-called barbarian tribes that came from the east and threatened the borders of the empire.

Above Batina, on a hill above the Danube, are the remains of the ancient Roman fort called Ad Militare, which you can see in the following Youtube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bbyFZYyQ-08

Why do we mention the Romans in regards to wine?

Because in ancient times of Roman, the culture of drinking wine was very developed and in all their provinces that had the potential to produce grapes they handed over their knowledge of grapes and wine production.

Besides for drinking, wine was also used to disinfect wounds of soldiers. The area of Batina was called by Romans Aureus Mons, meaning “golden mountain”.

It is believed that the inspiration for this name originated due to the soil and climate that was exceptionally favourable for growing grapes.

Officially, the place Batina was founded in 1720 and was inhabited by Croats, Serbs, Hungarians and Germans, although the tax books mentioned it even earlier, in the year 1591 at time when the Turks were still conquering the region.

Later, Batina became part of the Austro-Hungarian state, and after its disintegration became part of Yugoslavia.

In 1944, during the Second World War, one of the major battles took place in which over 10,000 soldiers of the Russian Red Army were filled and who in their march towards the west decided in

Batina to force their way towards the Danube and hence arrived on its right bank and continued to advance further westward.

In memory of the fallen soldiers of the Red Army, after the war at the site of a Roman fort Ad Militare a monument was erected and a memorial park with a museum referring to the battle was established.

After the breakup of Yugoslavia, Batina remained part of Croatia, which is now an EU member.